Since vaccine rollout began worldwide at the end of 2020, approximately 10.2 billion doses have been given and approximately 4.2 billion people fully vaccinated against COVID-19. Over 127 million people in the UK and US alone have received a booster shot of the vaccine in order to prolong protection against the COVID-19 virus.
CREATION.co analysed what healthcare professionals (HCPs) think about mandatory vaccination, with opinions of HCPs splitting between those who believe vaccine mandates are absolutely necessary and those who believe that vaccines should be encouraged but not mandatory. With the emergence of the Omicron variant at the end of 2021, an additional booster dose of the vaccine was highly recommended to increase protection against the virus.
As fully vaccinated and boosted individuals now becomes the norm, conversation is shifting towards a fourth dose of the vaccination, with Israel having led the way in implementing a further dose. CREATION.co analysed the online conversations of HCPs over a 3 month period between 6 November 2021 and 6 February 2022, looking at 7,895 posts by 4,141 unique authors, to find out what they think about a fourth dose of the vaccine.
HCPs distinguished between fourth dose for immunocompromised and another booster
Within the conversation of a fourth dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, HCPs were quick to make an important distinction between a fourth dose for immunocompromised patients for whom three doses would make a completed vaccination program and the fourth dose would be a booster shot, which was highly recommended by HCPs, and a fourth dose for non-immunocompromised, i.e. the general public, which was a much more contentious topic in online HCP conversations.
One US cardiologist, Afshine Emrani, made the distinction clear in a post stating that those immunocompromised should get a fourth dose but those who are young and healthy or who have had a full round of vaccination (2 doses) and have recovered from COVID-19 should not get a fourth dose. This was an opinion shared by other HCPs as well.
HCPs hold up Israel as an example
With Israel leading the path for countries implementing a fourth dose or second booster, HCPs across the world shared data from Israel and used it as a case study for the efficacy of a fourth dose. Some HCPs did point out that the data coming out of Israel showed that the fourth dose was effective in improving protection against severe illness, which the German expert panel on vaccine use cited as their reason for recommending a fourth vaccination. However, the majority of HCPs concluded that a fourth dose is not the way forward in tackling the virus based on data coming out of Israel, which showed that the fourth dose was not efficacious against the Omicron variant and did not offer much more than the first booster or third dose did.
Israel study: 4th vaccine shows limited results with omicron https://t.co/HRWCQSUn0s
— Dr. Mobeen Syed (@drbeen_medical) January 18, 2022
HCPs cite lack of evidence and vaccine inequality
Outside of the negative sentiment stemming from Israeli data, HCPs were generally negative towards the idea of a fourth dose. A number of HCPs expressed that continuing to administer booster after booster without further trials or modifying the vaccine should not be the way forward as it is an ineffective way to tackle the virus. Alongside that, some HCPs shared an article from the Telegraph wherein the British head of vaccines, Professor Sir Andrew Pollard, stated that until more evidence is collected, a fourth vaccine should not be administered because it is not sustainable to vaccinate every 6 months.
One HCP called for ‘clinically meaningful outcomes in infection, symptomatic disease, hospitalization, and death’, otherwise continuing to increase antibodies is not sufficient:
As I've been suggesting, and this data confirms, we can't boost our way out of this. A bump in antibody levels is insufficient without clinically meaningful outcomes in infection, symptomatic disease, hospitalization, and death. https://t.co/3CCZbJCopg
— Aaron Kheriaty, MD (@akheriaty) January 18, 2022
Other HCPs also commented on the situation of vaccine inequity, voicing that discussions of a fourth shot when many in the world have not even been offered their first vaccine is the reason there is no foreseeable end to the pandemic.
Can you see how this might play out?
Rich nations will give the 3rd & 4th dose & keep on boosting their population
They will do nothing to address global vaccine equity
New variants & waves will keep emerging
Pharma will keep making huge profits pic.twitter.com/YVP8bpAHAY
— Madhu Pai, MD, PhD (@paimadhu) December 9, 2021
Some HCPs remain positive about the efficacy of the vaccine going forward
A sampling of the top 50 most reached HCP posts online within the conversation of fourth doses revealed that more than twice as many HCPs feel negatively about another booster than those that feel positively.
Despite the generally more negative outlook on a fourth dose of the vaccination, there remain a smaller number of HCPs who wholeheartedly backed continuing to use booster vaccines due to the efficacy of the vaccine and its ability to save lives. One HCP commented that they would take as many additional doses as necessary to protect theirs and their loved ones lives whilst another stated that although a fourth dose of the vaccine is not necessary yet, the vaccine is still exceptionally effective in preventing severe illness, and that the definition of what is considered ‘fully vaccinated should change to reflect the necessary doses.’
HCPs still predict a fourth dose
Whilst most of the opinions of HCP towards a fourth dose of the vaccine has been to be resistant towards it, they do also predict that a fourth dose is highly likely. They had several predictions including that:
1. It was just a matter of when a fourth dose would be needed It was just a matter of when a fourth dose would be needed
I'd say the likelihood of a 4th dose is >99%; just curious of the time frame.
— mike johansen🍀 (@mikejohansenmd) January 9, 2022
2. That subsequent boosters would be the likely scenario going forward, much like the flu shot; and
Likely Future Scenario for COVID Vaccines
Initial series: 2 shots and a booster (no 4th shot)
Subsequently: 1 annual shot until the pandemic ends (like a flu shot)
Once the pandemic ends, more shots might not be needed but we can't predict for sure
— Faheem Younus, MD (@FaheemYounus) January 20, 2022
Virtually every non-live vaccine needs a dose after 6 months, including:
– hepatitis A
– hepatitis B
– pneumococcal (prevnar)
– H flu
Thus a 3rd dose at 6mo is not a surprise. Will there need to be a 4th dose? Probably at 2 yr would be my guess.
— David Boulware, MD MPH (@boulware_dr) November 13, 2021
3. We’ll probably need a fourth shot given that vaccines prevent death
Three articles. I wrote three. All of them argued with by those who said only two doses were needed. I don’t mind that. I mind the influence they had that now is resulting in infections and death. It’s a three dose vaccine. And we’ll probably need a fourth. #VaccinesSaveLives
— Mary Fernando MD (@MaryFernando_) January 24, 2022
Keep monitoring the conversation
With the majority of countries worldwide yet to roll out a fourth dose of the vaccination, HCP conversation regarding the issue will likely continue and it remains to be seen whether sentiments will shift. As more time passes from the first booster or third dose, and HCPs receive more data regarding the efficacy of booster shots, HCP opinion continues to be shaped and changed and CREATION.co will continue to monitor these conversations for the latest in what HCPs think.
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